ODISHA COMMUNITY TANK MANAGEMENT
Government of Odisha in partnership with Government of India has initiated a project to repair and rehabilitate approximately 900 minor irrigation tanks having a command area of 40 ha to 2000 Ha and covering 1.20 lakh ha across the state of Odisha with funding from World Bank. Tank irrigation is one of the oldest methods of irrigation in Odisha. The State has 28,303 tanks approximately, including tanks of the Government and Private Sector (GoI, Minor Irrigation Census, 2001). About 3847 of these tanks are relatively large with an irrigation capacity of 5.69 million hectares. These 3847 tanks irrigate between 40 ha to 2000 ha of land and are managed by the MI Department. The Odisha Community Tank Development and Management Society (OCTDMS) has been formed as a Special Purpose Vehicle (SPV) under the Department of Water Resources, Government of Odisha and will conceptualize and operationalize the Odisha Community Tank Management Project (OCTMP). The project envisages execution through primary and secondary institutions from the State Project Unit to the Community Level Groups with facilitation of Support Organization.
In consonance with the overall National Framework of GoI, the Odisha
Community Tank Management Project (OCTMP) has been conceived with an
overarching project objective for selected tank based producers to improve
agricultural productivity and water users associations to manage tank
The project design would set its priorities on the following key outputs and
• Sustainability of the restored systems through community participation and
empowerment facilitated by Support Organizations (SO)/ other agencies to
have self-supporting groups at the level of water body.
• To create enabling legal and institutional environment to implement the
solutions emerging out of participatory and demand driven processes.
• To improve the production and productivity of selected agricultural
commodities in tank command area and enhance livelihood options.
• Community contribution to be made compulsory. The suggested extent is
about 10 % of the total project cost out of which 5 % may be kind and the
• Although the project will likely to benefit the farmers (land owners)
more, however it will include the whole of the tank user community involving
other users like landless farm families, livestock owners, fishermen
The key principles underlying project design are
• A decentralized setting where the main tank
beneficiaries play a proactive role in planning, implementing and
sustaining project interventions. br>
• The tank system rehabilitation work meets technical quality and safety
standards and pays adequate attention to social, environment and fiduciary
• To improve agricultural productivity and farmer incomes, access to
improved agricultural technologies and practices and facilitation of
market linkages for agricultural producers, are as important as improving
access to water.